Tenerife was founded on May 3rd, 1493 on the landing place of the Spanish conquerors, known as Añazo to the aborigines of Tenerife (Guanches), in the Kingdom of Anaga. The city has rich heritage that mixes classic and modern architecture. It is very pleasant to stroll discovering its streets, buildings, and monuments.
Santa Cruz was in the natural attack route for pirates and corsairs to the former capital, La Laguna, so that the Spanish strongly fortified this area to repel the ongoing attacks. A chain of fortresses was built, such as the Castillo de San Cristobal, (demolished 1928; its foundations can be visited under the "Plaza de España"). Important landmarks and buildings from this early era are the church of La Concepción and the Old Quarter, which make up the neighborhood of La Noria. Later significant structures are the Teatro Guimerá, and one of the architectural hidden treasures of the Canaries, the only remaining Masonic Temple in Spain. Another distinctive cultural heritage is the collection of over 40 sculptures that can be found throughout the city, including works by Moore, Miró, Chillida Dominguez.